Orthotic Management of Burns

Burns

Definition

Is a type of injury that damage to the skin or other body parts, caused by exposure to un tolerable heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation, or friction.

Classification, Signs & Symptoms

  • First degree burn is superficial and causes local inflammation of the skin, characterized by pain, redness, and a mild amount of swelling. The skin may be very tender to touch.
  • Second degree burns are deeper and in addition to the pain, redness and inflammation, there is also blistering of the skin.
  • Third degree burns are deeper still, involving all layers of the skin, in effect killing that area of skin. Because the nerves and blood vessels are damaged, it appears white and leathery and tends to be relatively painless.
  • Fourth-degree burns damage muscle, tendon, and ligament tissue, thus result in charring and catastrophic damage of the hypodermis

Objective of orthotic intervention:

  • Reduce pain & inflammation
  • Prevent contracture & deformity
  • Prevent infection

Orthotic Options

It depends on the location and severity of condition. If the Burn is located in upper limb, Upper limb orthosis can be prescribed, such as: Elbow Orthosis, Wrist Hand Orthosis, etc. if the Burn is located in Lower limb, the Lower Limb Orthosis can be prescribed.

Complications

  • Infection
  • Scar tissue
  • Contracture
  • Deformity

Objective of Orthotic Treatment

  • Reduce pain
  • Reduce & correct the Contracture & deformity
  • Enhance hand function

Orthotic Options

It also depends on the location and severity of condition. For example, when contractures happen in fingers, Web Spacer can be prescribed. When elbow joint contracture, the serial static Flexion Contracture reducing Elbow Orthosis can be prescribed.

One response to “Orthotic Management of Burns

  1. hey guys

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